تفجيرات الأسكندرية

مش عارف أرتب اللي عايز أقوله أو التفكير بوضوح بعد تفجير اليوم.

صور ما بعد الأنفجار تذكرني ببغداد.

ساعات من الرعب والهلع في مطلع عام جديد. صدمة.

هل العمل في التوعية في الموضيع الغير مثيرة للجدل مثل التعذيب هو تضييع وقت؟ بمعنى الناس كلها في أغلب الوقت متفقة على أن التعذيب يجب أن ينتهى وأنه بمجرد تغيير سيحدث قريبا أو بعيدا قد تحل المشكلة بشكل كبير؟ هل من الأهم العمل على التوعية بأهمية المواطنه والمساواه بين أصحاب الأديان المختلفة وتقبل الآخر؟ أم كل القضايا مهمه؟

من جهة أخرى حيوانات الحكومة التي لا تمل من خلق قصص مؤامرة وإتهام الموساد أو أمريكا أو أي حد عنده مصلحه.

وأنت ركز قبل إتهام جهة ممكن تكون ليها مصلحة. فكر كده هل هناك دليل على هذا؟ هل إستخدام العنف دائما خلفة مصلحة؟ هل هناك فعلا من يهتم بتفرقة المصريين عن بعض؟ هل هم محبين لبعض جدا؟ هل أعطوا بعض كل الحقوق؟ هل لا يتكلمون عن بعض بالسلب من وراء بعض؟ هل هم مختلطين جدا في كل النشاطات الاجتماعية؟

أقترح البعض حضور المسلمين قداس العيد مع المسحيين، ولكن هل هذا لائق في مثل هذه الأوقات؟ وهل هذا ما يريدون؟ أم هو تطفل عليهم في وقت خاص. فلم نفعل ذلك في أي وقت من قبل هل نتذكر الآخر فقط عندما تحدث الكوارث؟

هل نلوم الحكومة؟ فهي مقصرة بدرجة إجرامية في حق الأقليات (والأغلبية) أم هل نلومها لفشلها في تأمين الناس؟ الحكومة كانت المسئول الأول والمباشر عن أحداث العمرانية. لكن هذه المرة هل لوم الحكومة هو رد فعل مشروع؟ أم انتهازي؟ فالأرهاب صعب منعه بدون العمل على جذوره.

هل يعني لوم الحكومة لفشلها في تأمين الناس أنك تطالب بقوات أمن أكثر واجرائات أمنية وقوانين صارمة ومضيقة أكثر؟

أم ﻷنها تستثمر وقتها في القبض على النشطاء وتعذيبهم والمنع والتضييق على التظاهرات السلمية؟

صح العادلي مسؤول ومبارك وكل ده. فين تصريحات و أسف عمرو خالد لما حدث؟ فين مصطفى حسني، محمود حسان، الحويني، وكل الشيوخ الي بيروح يسمعلهم الآف من الشباب ويصلوا خلفهم وفاكرين أنهم علماء بجد ومهمين في حياتهم وبيرشدوهم؟

Zaha Hadid's Cairo Expo City will destroy Egypt's largest and most important Mental Health Hospital

UPDATE Wed. Dec 29, 2010:The Supreme Council for Antiquities announced today that building housing the Abbaseyya Psychiatric Hospital will be listed as an Islamic heritage site.

UPDATE Mon. Apr 18, 2010:
The designs changed on Zaha's website to include the hospital. Thanks to Luiz for the tip.

Original post:

Award winning Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid will help the Egyptian government destroy Egypt's largest mental health hospital, the Abassia hospital situated in the middle of Cairo, to build something called Cairo Expo City.


Cairo Expo City

Opened in 1883, after a fire consumed a number of royal palaces except for one that was painted yellow and named the Yellow Palace (el-Saray el-Safra) it became Egypt's first modern hospital for the mentally ill.

Now it's in an area of 28 hectares and has around 3000 beds, offers almost all major psychiatric sub-specialities and an outpatient and emergency psychiatry services. The hospital serves around 60,000 patients each year.

Old street sign written on it 'the hospital of the deranged street'

History of PTSD in Google Books database

Train accident in 1875 Sweden

In the 19th century, with the development of railway transportation, train accidents became a frequent source of death and serious injury.

Some of the victims claimed injury following an accident without a visible pathology. Jon Eric Erichsen, a British surgeon, in 1867 published a book called On Railway and Other Injuries of the Nervous System in it he argued that an unseen physical injury to the spine and brain caused the condition `railway spine.'

Railway spine was a concept that rooted the illness to the body and not the mind thus making it more legitimate and avoided stigma of mental illness.

Later, work by Jean-Martin Charcot, Piere Janet and Freud established the idea that overwhelming events can cause mental disorders.

Before WWI the terms “soldiers’heart,” “war neuroses” and “general nervous shock” were used to refer to the psychological casualties of combat. During WWI the term “shell shock” became widely accepted as it avoided the term hysteria. During World War II the U.S. military used the term “operational fatigue” or more often “combat fatigue.”

The new Kindle

A 210 year old map of Cairo on Google Earth

Psychology at the Science Museum in London

Rehabilitation of Police Officers?

Since change from the top seems unlikely. Civil society should establish programs to reach out and provide alternative career options for current police officers who are willing to leave their jobs.

For example, they may help them transform into lawyers. NGOs may fund masters programs in different Law schools, provide them with extra tuition help, enroll them in human rights courses and help them establish small combined legal offices through grants.

Khaled Said

Exploring family relations from online obituaries using text mining and data visualisation tools

Using a copy of all the obituaries published online by the Ahram newspaper from January 2002 till April 2008 it is possible to use Linux command line tools (gawk, sed, bash) to find family relations between individuals in certain professions. An example given here explores the family links between a sample of 456 Egyptian state security officers.

This is a very brief description of the method.

  1. The first step is to convert the HTML files downloaded by curl into one giant text file.
  2. Then to move each separate obituary into a line of it's own.
  3. Extract officer names sandwiched between rank and place of work into a separate text file.
  4. Search for the names of each officer through each obituary, family links between different officers can be discovered.
  5. The output is in GraphViz .dot format, which draws a graph similar to the one below.
  6. Graph showing 63 family links between 174 officers from 456 Egyptian state security officers. Each link corresponds to a family tie of a variable degree of relationship including in-laws.

    Graph showing 63 family links between 174 officers from 456 Egyptian state security officers. Each link corresponds to a family tie of a variable degree of relationship including in-laws.

    This is just a preview of what might be possible using a data set of 43,156 obituary. Without control group(s), this graph says nothing other than it's pretty and that there are family links between officers. Other methods for analysis of data could be done using statistical methods to answer different questions.

    UPDATE: I attached the list of SS officers and the script used to find links between officers and output a .dot Graphviz file. You can download the obituaries dataset from here.

Torture is a virus of the mind and the cure is absolute prohibition

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